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Gum disease is a condition that usually occurs because of poor oral hygiene practices. If left untreated, the disease could affect the teeth, bones that support the teeth, and the gums. Even though it is a serious condition, this can be easy to reverse in most cases. At Gardner & Swanner General and Cosmetic Dentistry, we proudly serve the people of Richmond, VA and surrounding areas with our Gum Disease Treatment.

gum disease

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Bleeding gums during and after brushing
  • Swelling and tender gums
  • Chronic bad breath and bad taste in the mouth
  • Shifting or loose teeth
  • Formation of deep pockets between the teeth and gums
  • Receding Gums
  • The opening of spaces between teeth
  • Pus between the teeth and gums

Source: Periodontal (Gum) Disease | National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (

 Causes of Gum Disease

Bacteria in dental plaque is the main cause of gum disease. However, some factors may also contribute to periodontal disease. These include:

  • Medications

The saliva which has a protective effect on gums and teeth and some medicines may reduce its production. Dry mouth is likely to cause more plaque build-ups. This may lead to tooth decay. Other medicines also enlarge the gum, making it more susceptible to bacteria.

  • Smoking

The chemicals found in smoking causes more tartar to build up in the teeth. Once the patient already has gum disease, smoking could prevent the gums from healing. It causes deeper periodontal pockets and gathers more bacteria. Smokers are also likely to lose more bone as the disease progresses.

  • Diseases

There is a higher risk of developing gum disease if the patient is already suffering from certain health conditions. The diseases include:

  • Diabetes- People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing infections like gum disease because of high blood sugar.
  • Cancer and HIV infection- These conditions weaken the immune system. Hence, making the person prone to infection.
  • Poor oral practices

Improper brushing could be missed out a lot of hidden bacteria which may cause plaque to build-up. The plaque will then lead to tartar and damage the tooth. Once the tooth is infected, it can spread its infection to gums and cause inflammation.

Source: Periodontitis – Diagnosis and treatment – Mayo Clinic

Gum Disease Treatment

Regular dental check-ups could help detect the early signs of the disease which will make it easier to reverse. The dentist could monitor the infection and make an appropriate treatment plan. Treating of the condition early will prevent further complications on the gums and as well as the teeth and bones.

For the prevention or treatment of gum disease, contact our office at Gardner & Swanner General and Cosmetic Dentistry for General Dentistry Services in Richmond, VA. We are located at 8133 FOREST HILL AVE. SUITE 201 RICHMOND, VA 23235.

“Staff very pleasant. Hardly any wait time once you arrive. Can normally get me in within 1-2 days with an emergency. This review is still true… called on Mon, had an appt on Wed❤️❤️”

Sylvia Green

“A very friendly Dental practice & one where anyone of any age will feel comfortable in knowing that the staff is caring, compassionate, and professional. The level of care you receive here is second to none.”

William Grigg

“Really amazed at the process you used to ensure the positive outcome of the procedure of aligning my teeth! Dental work has progressed so much that I kept my mouth open in awe!
Good for getting the job done!”

Mary Vest

“I had my first appointment here today. It was wonderful. The whole team is very compassionate and actually explains everything and listens intently to your concerns. Will definitely use them as my new dentist. Loved it.”

Katherine Stott

“Wonderful family practice! They schedule my appointments so I can go with all my kids (5) at one time. Also had a great experience re-surfacing my front teeth and they’ve never been whiter!”

Rebecca Madison
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